Wood ducks are migratory birds that are very dependent on forests. They breed in places where the trees are great nesting cavities and supply a lot of food, as well as in places near fresh-water lakes and streams for water supply. Often found in southern Appalachian forests during breeding seasons, wood ducks also reside in swamps, sluggish rivers, creeks, lagoons, and ponds.
Wood ducks like to eat seeds and nuts of trees like oaks, elms, black gums, dogwoods, beechnuts, and hickories. One of their favorites is acorns. In the feeding and management of wood ducks, remember that areas with fluctuating water levels and are not suitable for wood ducks. In addition, a permanent freshwater supply is needed. Ideally, the water supply should be surrounded by woodlands because wood ducks are cavity nesters that need trees with woodpecker holes.
If cavities are not available, you can build nest boxes. These can be placed or mounted in poles on the water or in trees near the water. You can also attach starling boxes to the wood duck boxes to prevent nest box competition with starlings. It will also be beneficial for you to add log and stone structures to streams to lessen or control water flow.